Differences in teen homicide, suicide, and firearm deaths, by race and Hispanic origin
Reflecting a history of systemic racism and poverty that has had many negative effects on their communities, black and Hispanic teens are much more likely than white teens to be exposed to violence, including fatal violence., In 2016, the homicide rate for black male teens was 57 per 100,000 population, almost 20 times higher than the rate for non-Hispanic white male teens (3 per 100,000). Rates for other groups were 13 per 100,000 for Hispanic males, 8* per 100,000 for American Indian males, and 3 per 100,000 for Asian or Pacific Islander males.
Among females, black, American Indian, and Hispanic teens had the highest homicide rates in 2016, at 8, 3,* and 2 per 100,000, respectively, followed by 1 per 100,000 for non-Hispanic white and Asian or Pacific Islander females.
Firearm deaths—which represent a majority of teen homicides and suicides, but also include accidental deaths—were highest in 2016 among black teens (61 per 100,000 males, and 8 per 100,000 females), and lowest among Asian or Pacific Islander teens (6 per 100,000 males, and 2* per 100,000 females). American Indian and Hispanic teens had the second-highest rates overall (19 and 15 per 100,000 males, and 2* and 3 per 100,000 females, respectively). Non-Hispanic white teens had the second-lowest rate among males (13 per 100,000), and the second-highest rate among females (3 per 100,000).
In 2016, rates of suicide among males were highest among American Indian teens (23 per 100,000) and non-Hispanic white teens (18 per 100,000), followed by Asian or Pacific Islander teens at 13, Hispanic teens at 10, and black teens at 8 per 100,000. Among females, American Indian teens had the highest rate at 9 per 100,000, followed by non-Hispanic white teens at 6, Asian or Pacific Islander teens at 5, and Hispanic and black teens at 4 per 100,000 (Appendix 1).
*Note: These estimates should be interpreted with caution, as they are based on 20 or fewer deaths and may be unstable.