Program

Sep 18, 2007

OVERVIEW

An experimental study compared three clinic-based AIDS
education programs for adolescent females. Subjects were randomly
assigned to a control group, an education group, or an enhanced education
group. Subjects assigned to the education conditions were no more likely
to redeem coupons for free condoms than were subjects assigned to the control condition.
Furthermore, subjects from the education conditions did not differ
significantly from control subjects on post-test assessments of personal
preventative attitudes, attitudes towards persons with AIDS, or perception of
the seriousness of AIDS. Subjects from the education conditions did score
significantly higher than control subjects on a post-test measure of AIDS
knowledge, however. Enhanced education subjects did not differ
significantly from education subjects on this measure.

DESCRIPTION OF PROGRAM

Target population: Adolescent females

This study compared three clinic-based AIDS education
programs for adolescent females. The control program consisted of a
question and answer session with an expert on AIDS. The education program
consisted of a lecture on AIDS that was in line with guidelines published by
the Center for Disease Control. This lecture included information on HIV,
how AIDS is transmitted, and preventative measures. The enhanced
education condition consisted of this same lecture and a viewing of “Condom
Sense” – a 25-minute, humorous video that demonstrates the purpose and use of
condoms.

EVALUATION(S) OF PROGRAM

Rickert, V. I.,
Gottlieb, A., & Jay, M. S. (1989). A Comparison of Three
Clinic-Based AIDS Education Programs on Female Adolescents’ Knowledge,
Attitudes, and Behavior. Journal of Adolescent Health Care, 11,
298-303.

Evaluated population: A total of 75 females between the ages of
13 and 21 served as the study sample for this investigation. All subjects
were sexually active and were patients at adolescent medical clinics at
Arkansas Children’s Hospital. 53% of subjects were black; 47% were
white.

Approach: Subjects were randomly assigned to one of
three groups: a control group, an education group, and an enhanced education
group. All subjects took part in a small group session with one to four
members of their group. Subjects assigned to the control group were given
the opportunity to ask questions about AIDS during their small group session.
Subjects assigned to the education group received a brief lecture on AIDS and
were given the opportunity to ask questions. Subjects assigned to the
enhanced education group received a brief lecture on AIDS, were given the
opportunity to ask questions, and watched a videotape about condoms. All
subjects received a coupon for free condoms and an educational booklet at the
end of their sessions. Subjects completed post-test measures immediately
upon completion of the small group sessions.

Results: Subjects assigned to the education
conditions were no more likely to redeem coupons for free condoms than were
subjects assigned to the control condition. Furthermore, subjects from
the education conditions did not differ significantly from control subjects on
post-test assessments of personal preventative attitudes, attitudes towards
persons with AIDS, or perception of the seriousness of AIDS. Subjects
from the education conditions did score significantly higher than control
subjects on a post-test measure of AIDS knowledge, however. Enhanced
education subjects did not differ significantly from education subjects on this
measure. The subgroup of enhanced education adolescents who had purchased
condoms in the past were significantly more likely to obtain free condoms from
the on-site pharmacy.

SOURCES FOR MORE INFORMATION

Curriculum materials unavailable for purchase.

References:

Rickert, V. I., Gottlieb,
A., & Jay, M. S. (1989). A Comparison of Three Clinic-Based
AIDS Education Programs on Female Adolescents’ Knowledge, Attitudes, and
Behavior. Journal of Adolescent Health Care, 11, 298-303.

KEYWORDS: Adolescence (12-17), Young Adulthood (17-24),
Youth (16+), High School, Gender-specific, (female only), White or Caucasian,
Black or African American, Clinic-based, Life Skills Training, Reproductive
Health, Risky Sex, STD/HIV/AIDS

Program information last updated on 9/18/07.