According to the National Center for Health Statistics, “Life expectancy is the average number of years of life remaining to a person at a particular age and is based on a given set of age-specific death rates, generally the mortality conditions existing in the period mentioned. Life expectancy may be determined by race, sex, or other characteristics using age-specific death rates for the population with that characteristic.”
For more information, see http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/hus/hus11.pdf.
Child Trends. (2018). Life Expectancy. Retrieved from https://www.childtrends.org/indicators/life-expectancy.
1. Chetty, R., Stepner, M., Abraham, S., Lin, S., Scuderi, B., et al. (2016). The association between income and life expectancy in the United States, 2001–2014. JAMA, 315(16), 1750–1766.
2. Arias, E. (2007). United States life tables, 2004 [Table 12]. National Vital Statistics Reports, 56(9). Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr51/nvsr51_03.pdf.
3. Hispanic persons may be of any race.
4. Singh, G. K. & Siahpush, M. (2006). Widening socioeconomic inequalities in U.S. life expectancy, 1980–2000. International Journal of Epidemiology, 35(4), 969–979.
5. Meara, E. R., Richards, S., & Cutler, D. M. (2008). The gap gets bigger: Changes in mortality and life-expectancy by education, 1981–2000. Health Affairs, 27(2), 350–360.
6. Chetty, R., Stepner, M., Abraham, S., Lin, S., Scuderi, B., et al. (2016). Op. cit.