Research by Topic

Child Welfare Fact Sheets for FFY 2015

High-quality data can provide policymakers and decision-makers with crucial details about the populations they serve. To that end, Child Trends is pleased to share a suite of national and state-level fact sheets with data on children, youth, and families who come into contact with the child welfare system. Data categories include child maltreatment, foster care, transition-age foster youth, kinship caregiving, and adoption.

Data from previous years is still available on each individual page

Child maltreatment

Child neglect and abuse – also known as child maltreatment – is a grave concern; it is associated with many negative outcomes, including physical injuries, psychological problems, and in extreme cases, death. In 2015, almost 700,000 U.S. children were found to be victims of maltreatment. These fact sheets provide national and state data on referrals to the child welfare agency, child abuse and neglect investigations, post-response services, and demographic information on maltreatment victims.

Child maltreatment facts in the U.S.
Child maltreatment facts in Alabama
Child maltreatment facts in Alaska
Child maltreatment facts in Arizona
Child maltreatment facts in Arkansas
Child maltreatment facts in California
Child maltreatment facts in Colorado
Child maltreatment facts in Connecticut
Child maltreatment facts in Delaware
Child maltreatment facts in District of Columbia
Child maltreatment facts in Florida
Child maltreatment facts in Georgia
Child maltreatment facts in Hawaii
Child maltreatment facts in Idaho
Child maltreatment facts in Illinois
Child maltreatment facts in Indiana
Child maltreatment facts in Iowa
Child maltreatment facts in Kansas
Child maltreatment facts in Kentucky
Child maltreatment facts in Louisiana
Child maltreatment facts in Maine
Child maltreatment facts in Maryland
Child maltreatment facts in Massachusetts
Child maltreatment facts in Michigan
Child maltreatment facts in Minnesota
Child maltreatment facts in Mississippi
Child maltreatment facts in Missouri
Child maltreatment facts in Montana
Child maltreatment facts in Nebraska
Child maltreatment facts in Nevada
Child maltreatment facts in New Hampshire
Child maltreatment facts in New Jersey
Child maltreatment facts in New Mexico
Child maltreatment facts in New York
Child maltreatment facts in North Carolina
Child maltreatment facts in North Dakota
Child maltreatment facts in Ohio
Child maltreatment facts in Oklahoma
Child maltreatment facts in Oregon
Child maltreatment facts in Pennsylvania
Child maltreatment facts in Puerto Rico
Child maltreatment facts in Rhode Island
Child maltreatment facts in South Carolina
Child maltreatment facts in South Dakota
Child maltreatment facts in Tennessee
Child maltreatment facts in Texas
Child maltreatment facts in Utah
Child maltreatment facts in Vermont
Child maltreatment facts in Virginia
Child maltreatment facts in Washington
Child maltreatment facts in West Virginia
Child maltreatment facts in Wisconsin
Child maltreatment facts in Wyoming

Foster care

Foster care facts in the U.S.

Children are placed in foster care when a child protective services worker and court have determined it is not safe for them to remain home. In 2015, nearly 428,000 children were in foster care. These fact sheets provide national and state data on the number of children in foster care, their average length of stay, types of placement, and the demographic makeup (such as age, gender, and race) for children in foster care.

Foster care facts in the U.S.
Foster care facts in Alabama
Foster care facts in Alaska
Foster care facts in Arizona
Foster care facts in Arkansas
Foster care facts in California
Foster care facts in Colorado
Foster care facts in Connecticut
Foster care facts in Delaware
Foster care facts in District of Columbia
Foster care facts in Florida
Foster care facts in Georgia
Foster care facts in Hawaii
Foster care facts in Idaho
Foster care facts in Illinois
Foster care facts in Indiana
Foster care facts in Iowa
Foster care facts in Kansas
Foster care facts in Kentucky
Foster care facts in Louisiana
Foster care facts in Maine
Foster care facts in Maryland
Foster care facts in Massachusetts
Foster care facts in Michigan
Foster care facts in Minnesota
Foster care facts in Mississippi
Foster care facts in Missouri
Foster care facts in Montana
Foster care facts in Nebraska
Foster care facts in Nevada
Foster care facts in New Hampshire
Foster care facts in New Jersey
Foster care facts in New Mexico
Foster care facts in New York
Foster care facts in North Carolina
Foster care facts in North Dakota
Foster care facts in Ohio
Foster care facts in Oklahoma
Foster care facts in Oregon
Foster care facts in Pennsylvania
Foster care facts in Puerto Rico
Foster care facts in Rhode Island
Foster care facts in South Carolina
Foster care facts in South Dakota
Foster care facts in Tennessee
Foster care facts in Texas
Foster care facts in Utah
Foster care facts in Vermont
Foster care facts in Virginia
Foster care facts in Washington
Foster care facts in West Virginia
Foster care facts in Wisconsin
Foster care facts in Wyoming


Adoption

Children adopted from foster care were removed from their birth families because child protective services and the court determined it was not safe for them to return home and that adoption would be in the children’s best interest. In 2015, there were about 53,500 children adopted from foster care and over 110,000 U.S. children in foster care still waiting for adoptive families.

Adoption facts in the U.S.
Adoption facts in Alabama
Adoption facts in Alaska
Adoption facts in Arizona
Adoption facts in Arkansas
Adoption facts in California
Adoption facts in Colorado
Adoption facts in Connecticut
Adoption facts in Delaware
Adoption facts in District of Columbia
Adoption facts in Florida
Adoption facts in Georgia
Adoption facts in Hawaii
Adoption facts in Idaho
Adoption facts in Illinois
Adoption facts in Indiana
Adoption facts in Iowa
Adoption facts in Kansas
Adoption facts in Kentucky
Adoption facts in Louisiana
Adoption facts in Maine
Adoption facts in Maryland
Adoption facts in Massachusetts
Adoption facts in Michigan
Adoption facts in Minnesota
Adoption facts in Mississippi
Adoption facts in Missouri
Adoption facts in Montana
Adoption facts in Nebraska
Adoption facts in Nevada
Adoption facts in New Hampshire
Adoption facts in New Jersey
Adoption facts in New Mexico
Adoption facts in New York
Adoption facts in North Carolina
Adoption facts in North Dakota
Adoption facts in Ohio
Adoption facts in Oklahoma
Adoption facts in Oregon
Adoption facts in Puerto Rico
Adoption facts in Pennsylvania
Adoption facts in Rhode Island
Adoption facts in South Carolina
Adoption facts in South Dakota
Adoption facts in Tennessee
Adoption facts in Texas
Adoption facts in Utah
Adoption facts in Vermont
Adoption facts in Virginia
Adoption facts in Washington
Adoption facts in West Virginia
Adoption facts in Wisconsin
Adoption facts in Wyoming


Kinship caregiving

Relatives and other kin are invaluable sources of support and connection for children, both inside and outside the child welfare system. Evidence suggests that being placed with relatives or other kin can help reduce the trauma of being removed from home, and federal and state child welfare efforts prioritize placing children with relatives when possible. In 2015, 30% of children in foster care had a relative foster family as their most recent placement.

Kinship caregiving facts in the U.S.
Kinship caregiving facts in Alabama
Kinship caregiving facts in Alaska
Kinship caregiving facts in Arizona
Kinship caregiving facts in Arkansas
Kinship caregiving facts in California
Kinship caregiving facts in Colorado
Kinship caregiving facts in Connecticut
Kinship caregiving facts in Delaware
Kinship caregiving facts in District of Columbia
Kinship caregiving facts in Florida
Kinship caregiving facts in Georgia
Kinship caregiving facts in Hawaii
Kinship caregiving facts in Idaho
Kinship caregiving facts in Illinois
Kinship caregiving facts in Indiana
Kinship caregiving facts in Iowa
Kinship caregiving facts in Kansas
Kinship caregiving facts in Kentucky
Kinship caregiving facts in Louisiana
Kinship caregiving facts in Maine
Kinship caregiving facts in Maryland
Kinship caregiving facts in Massachusetts
Kinship caregiving facts in Michigan
Kinship caregiving facts in Minnesota
Kinship caregiving facts in Mississippi
Kinship caregiving facts in Missouri
Kinship caregiving facts in Montana
Kinship caregiving facts in Nebraska
Kinship caregiving facts in Nevada
Kinship caregiving facts in New Hampshire
Kinship caregiving facts in New Jersey
Kinship caregiving facts in New Mexico
Kinship caregiving facts in New York
Kinship caregiving facts in North Carolina
Kinship caregiving facts in North Dakota
Kinship caregiving facts in Ohio
Kinship caregiving facts in Oklahoma
Kinship caregiving facts in Oregon
Kinship caregiving facts in Pennsylvania
Kinship caregiving facts in Puerto Rico
Kinship caregiving facts in Rhode Island
Kinship caregiving facts in South Carolina
Kinship caregiving facts in South Dakota
Kinship caregiving facts in Tennessee
Kinship caregiving facts in Texas
Kinship caregiving facts in Utah
Kinship caregiving facts in Vermont
Kinship caregiving facts in Virginia
Kinship caregiving facts in Washington
Kinship caregiving facts in West Virginia
Kinship caregiving facts in Wisconsin
Kinship caregiving facts in Wyoming

Transition-age youth in foster care

Youth, ages 16-21, living in foster care face a unique set of challenges, as they transition into adulthood without a permanent family or stable lifelong connections. For example, studies have found that they are less likely to complete high school and more likely to experience homelessness than their non-foster care involved peers. In 2015, there were almost 114,000 transition-age youth in foster care and over 20,000 youth aged out of foster care—without finding a permanent home—throughout the year. These fact sheets were created with support from and in partnership with Youth Villages.

Transition-age youth in foster care facts in the U.S.
Transition-age youth in foster care facts in Alabama
Transition-age youth in foster care facts in Alaska
Transition-age youth in foster care facts in Arizona
Transition-age youth in foster care facts in Arkansas
Transition-age youth in foster care facts in California
Transition-age youth in foster care facts in Colorado
Transition-age youth in foster care facts in Connecticut
Transition-age youth in foster care facts in Delaware
Transition-age youth in foster care facts in District of Columbia
Transition-age youth in foster care facts in Florida
Transition-age youth in foster care facts in Georgia
Transition-age youth in foster care facts in Hawaii
Transition-age youth in foster care facts in Idaho
Transition-age youth in foster care facts in Illinois
Transition-age youth in foster care facts in Indiana
Transition-age youth in foster care facts in Iowa
Transition-age youth in foster care facts in Kansas
Transition-age youth in foster care facts in Kentucky
Transition-age youth in foster care facts in Louisiana
Transition-age youth in foster care facts in Maine
Transition-age youth in foster care facts in Maryland
Transition-age youth in foster care facts in Massachusetts
Transition-age youth in foster care facts in Michigan
Transition-age youth in foster care facts in Minnesota
Transition-age youth in foster care facts in Mississippi
Transition-age youth in foster care facts in Missouri
Transition-age youth in foster care facts in Montana
Transition-age youth in foster care facts in Nebraska
Transition-age youth in foster care facts in Nevada
Transition-age youth in foster care facts in New Hampshire
Transition-age youth in foster care facts in New Jersey
Transition-age youth in foster care facts in New Mexico
Transition-age youth in foster care facts in New York
Transition-age youth in foster care facts in North Carolina
Transition-age youth in foster care facts in North Dakota
Transition-age youth in foster care facts in Ohio
Transition-age youth in foster care facts in Oklahoma
Transition-age youth in foster care facts in Oregon
Transition-age youth in foster care facts in Pennsylvania
Transition-age youth in foster care facts in Puerto Rico
Transition-age youth in foster care facts in Rhode Island
Transition-age youth in foster care facts in South Carolina
Transition-age youth in foster care facts in South Dakota
Transition-age youth in foster care facts in Tennessee
Transition-age youth in foster care facts in Texas
Transition-age youth in foster care facts in Utah
Transition-age youth in foster care facts in Vermont
Transition-age youth in foster care facts in Virginia
Transition-age youth in foster care facts in Washington
Transition-age youth in foster care facts in West Virginia
Transition-age youth in foster care facts in Wisconsin
Transition-age youth in foster care facts in Wyoming

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