States’ Use of the Child Care and Development Block Grant Funding Increase

Data VisualizationEarly ChildhoodOct 9 2019

In 2018, Congress appropriated an increase of more than $2 billion to support states and territories in meeting the goals and requirements of the 2014 reauthorization of the Child Care and Development Block Grant (CCDBG). View the interactive maps and state profiles on this page to learn more about how states are using or planning to use this funding increase and the challenges they still face.

In 2014, Congress reauthorized the CCDBG, setting new standards around eligibility for child care subsidies, child care quality, health and safety, access to child care, and workforce supports for early childhood educators. The 2014 reauthorization law included policy changes requiring states to:

Set provider payment rates to promote equal access to the child care market for parents receiving child care subsidies.

Implement family-friendly eligibility policies that help families keep their subsidy without interruptions.

Enhance health and safety practices for all CCDBG providers, including health and safety training and inspections and comprehensive background checks.

Expand consumer education, which includes increasing online access to information on child development and other financial assistance programs and creating a hotline to report safety concerns.

Increase the amounts of set-asides that states must spend toward supporting the quality and development of the child care workforce.

Expand access to child care for vulnerable families and priority groups whose needs and characteristics limit the child care options currently available to them.

For more information regarding CCDBG reauthorization click here.

Given that additional funding was not included in the 2014 reauthorization, states struggled to implement the new requirements and increase the number of eligible children served. In 2018, Congress responded to these challenges by appropriating a $2.37 billion increase nationally to CCDBG—the largest-ever increase in this funding. This project examines how U.S. states, the District of Columbia, and U.S. territories have used, or plan to use, increased federal funding from the 2018 appropriation.


Data notes (XLS) »

Additional context regarding states’ current or planned use of funds.

About the Project

In May 2019, Child Trends launched a national survey of Child Care and Development Block Grant (CCDBG) state and territory administrators to identify how states are using (or plan to use) new federal funding to expand services for eligible children and implement the goals and requirements of CCDBG reauthorization. In addition to documenting how the increased funding is being or will be used, Child Trends also asked whether states and territories experienced any challenges implementing reauthorization goals and requirements.

States that indicated they needed additional funds to implement or maintain reauthorization requirements

Increase in state general funds for child care assistance

This project was made possible with support from the Pritzker Children’s Initiative, the Irving Harris Foundation, and the David and Lucile Packard Foundation.