Publication

This article examines the association between state-level welfare waiver policies implemented before the 1996 welfare reform legislation and the risk of a nonmarital subsequent birth. The state policies studied include: family cap, earnings disregard, work exemptions, work requirements, and sanctions. Researchers conclude that, although reducing the number of nonmarital births is a key goal of welfare reform, state-established welfare waiver policies do not have any influence on women’s childbearing behaviors.

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Authors

Jennifer Manlove
Suzanne Ryan
Sandra L. Hofferth