State-level Welfare Policies and Nonmarital Subsequent Childbearing

Research BriefFeb 1 2006

This article examines the association between state-level welfare waiver policies implemented before the 1996 welfare reform legislation and the risk of a nonmarital subsequent birth. The state policies studied include: family cap, earnings disregard, work exemptions, work requirements, and sanctions. Researchers conclude that, although reducing the number of nonmarital births is a key goal of welfare reform, state-established welfare waiver policies do not have any influence on women’s childbearing behaviors.