Program Descriptions

Each program description includes information on what outcome(s) the program is designed to impact, what population the program is designed to target, what one or more experimental evaluations of the program found its impacts to be, and original documents from which this information was culled. Readers will find that some descriptions include significantly more information than what is listed here; this has been retained for the website user’s benefit.

Following is the basic template for each program description.


Brief summary of the type of program, its target population, what outcomes it is designed to impact, and what impacts have been found.


Target population: What general population is the program targeted toward?

Detailed description of program: What type of program is it? What outcomes is it designed to impact? How is it administered? How long or intense is the program? What are the different components involved? What are the costs of implementing the program?


Evaluated population:

Detailed information about participants in the program evaluation (including information about race/ethnicity, gender, age, etc).


Description of the program evaluation’s methodology (i.e. how was the sample selected? How was the sample randomized? What outcomes were measured? Who was the source of measurement? What was the schedule of data collection?


Description of evaluation impacts. Note significant, marginally significant, non-significant, and negative impacts.



Primary source(s) of information on the program and program evaluation(s). List randomized-controlled, intent-to-treat (ITT) evaluation studies only.

Program also discussed in the following Child Trends publication(s):

List of Child Trends documents that discussed this program, if applicable.


Program categorized in this guide according to the following:

Evaluated participant ages: Age of participants at the debut of program evaluation(s) / Program age ranges in the Guide: Applicable age range(s)-prenatal, 0-5, 6-11, 12-14, 15-21, 22-25-by which the Guide is organized.

Program components: List of relevant program components and characteristics: child care/early childhood education; clinic-based, provider-based, or miscellaneous; community or media campaign; counseling/therapy; home visiting; mentoring/tutoring; parent or family component; school-based; service or vocational learning.

Measured outcomes: List of relevant outcomes that were measured in the program evaluation(s): education and cognitive development; social and emotional health and development; life skills; physical health; behavioral problems; teen pregnancy and reproductive health; positive citizenship; mental health.

KEYWORDS: List all relevant keywords with regard to target population, intervention strategies, setting, and outcomes.

Program information last updated on [MONTH DAY, YEAR].