Videos

More Play, Less Pounds

April 2019

Full interview with Dr. Shari Barkin: https://youtu.be/bb-iMoY6J7c

NASHVILLE, Tenn. (Ivanhoe Newswire) — In the United States, nearly one in five kids between the ages of 6 and 19, is obese. Now a new study by researchers at Vanderbilt University Medical Center is looking at the impact of community-based programs to address obesity that have been implemented in disadvantaged neighborhoods.

Dinner time for Elvia and her two sons is all about healthy eating. But that wasn’t always the case. The Lazaros live in a community where access to nutritional information is limited.

“I didn’t have a lot of information about sugars, for example,” Elvia told Ivanhoe.

Shari Barkin, MD, MSHS, studies pediatric obesity and conducted a study of 610 parents and children. Dr. Barkin wanted to know if you teach parents good health habits, can that change behavior and in turn lower their child’s risk for obesity?

Dr. Barkin explained, “It was what we called a tiered intervention. That means it started with, weekly, for 12 weeks, skills building sessions.”

The sessions were followed by nine months of coaching over the phone. Finally, researchers sent text reminders to keep families active. Altogether, researchers followed families for three years and found that kids who took part in the intervention group ate 100 calories fewer per day than kids who were in the control group.

“We could slow the emergence of obesity, comparing the intervention versus the comparator group during the active intervention over that one-year period of time,” detailed Dr. Barkin.

Dr. Barkin said it matters that parents and kids improve their habits together. She recommends families use their local parks and rec centers and be consistent. These habits need to be sustained over time by parents and kids.

“We have to consider prevention starts really early, and you’re never done,” said Dr. Barkin.

The researchers also say environmental stress might make it hard for people living in disadvantaged neighborhoods to maintain their body weight. Dr. Barkin and her fellow researchers noted that the interventions did not continue to work as effectively during the passive phase of the trial, the point where researchers sent text reminders.

Contributors to this news report include: Cyndy McGrath, Supervising Producer; Milvionne Chery, Field Producer; Dave Harrison, Editor; Roque Correa, Photographer.

Produced by Child Trends News Service in partnership with Ivanhoe Broadcast News and funded by a grant from the National Science Foundation.

Research: https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/fullarticle/2695670


Spanish Translation

NASHVILLE, Tenn. (Ivanhoe Newswire) — En Estados Unidos, uno de cada cinco niños entre las edades de 6 a 19 años, esta obeso. Un nuevo estudio realizado por el centro médico de la Universidad de Vanderbilt analiza el impacto que tienen los programas comunitarios en áreas de bajos recursos.

La hora de cenar para Elvia y sus dos hijos gira alrededor de la comida saludable. Pero este no fue siempre el caso, ya que viven en una comunidad donde el acceso a información nutricional es reducido. Shari Barkin, PhD, estudia la obesidad infantil, y realizo un estudio entre 610 pares de padres e hijos. La doctora Barkin quería saber si es posible mantener a largo plazo los buenos hábitos nutricionales aprendidos, y lograr que esto resulte en un menor riesgo de obesidad infantil.

El proyecto comenzó con 12 sesiones de instrucción semanales, seguidas por consultas telefónicas mensuales, mensajes de texto y recordatorios a la familia de la importancia de mantenerse activos. Determinaron que los niños ingirieron 100 calorías menos al día, una reducción que se mantuvo durante los dos años que duro el estudio. Los expertos recomiendan que en las comidas los padres llenen la mitad del plato de sus hijos con vegetales

Asimismo, el sueño y el ejercicio también juegan un papel, ya que afectan el grado de atención. Los niños deben de dormir al menos 10 horas cada noche. Y hacer ejercicio o una actividad física como mínimo 60 minutos al día.

La ansiedad causada por su entorno puede dificultar que las personas mantengan el peso adecuado. Inicialmente los expertos asumieron que se reduciría el índice de masa corporal de los participantes en el estudio. Sin embargo, en ambos grupos no vieron un cambio en la masa corporal, aunque las familias lograron mantener cambios positivos en su salud.

Los contribuyentes a este reportaje incluyen: Cyndy McGrath, Supervisora Productora; Milvionne Chery, Productora de Campo; Dave Harrison, Editor; Roque Correa, Camarografo.

Producido por Child Trends News Service en asocio con Ivanhoe Broadcast News y auspiciado por una beca de la National Science Foundation.