Videos

Do Conversations With Toddlers Work?

January 2019

Full interview with Dr. Tamis-LeMonda: https://youtu.be/z0S8XPBxn1M

NEW YORK CITY, N.Y. (Ivanhoe Newswire) — You’ll always remember the first word your child blurts out; whether it’s Mamma, Dadda, cat, dog, or ball. Then, in what seems like no time at all, your toddler is forming phrases and sentences. Scientists are now saying that parents have a unique and critical opportunity to help sharpen their child’s language skills in the very first years of life.

For Oscar Puerto, reading gives him time to bond with two-year-old Odin and six-year-old Rose.

“She tries to read everything she sees and tries to spell this and that,” Puerto told Ivanhoe.

Science now shows us strong vocabulary skills start years before—as early as a child’s first birthday.

As Catherine Tamis-LeMonda, PhD, a developmental psychologist at NYU, detailed, “That’s when children transition to saying their very first words. Then they go through an explosion in vocabulary.

Tamis-LeMonda studied 40 pairs of infants and their mothers, recording their daily activities and paying close attention to the amount, diversity, and content of mom’s conversation, especially responsive language.

“So it would be if I said you looked at the cup, I’d say, ‘Cup, that’s a cup’ just as the baby touched it,” said Tamis-LeMonda.

Tamis-LeMonda said families who had a high level of responsive conversations, or conversations where parents follow up on the child’s lead, had babies who spoke their first words before 11 months. Families who did not had children who didn’t speak until around 18 months. Researchers say parents should talk to their toddlers during everyday activities. While dressing, talk about the clothing and how it goes on. Talk about food and utensils.

Tamis-LeMonda said, “As parents are talking to children, it’s not just that children are acquiring vocabulary. They’re acquiring connections among those words.”

Tamis-LeMonda said with practice, and as children get older, it will become much easier for parents to elicit words, phrases, and eventually stories from them, which is important for school readiness.

Contributors to this news report include: Cyndy McGrath, Supervising and Field Producer; Milvionne Chery, News Producer; Roque Correa, Editor; Kirk Manson, Videographer.

Produced by Child Trends News Service in partnership with Ivanhoe Broadcast News and funded by a grant from the National Science Foundation.

Original research: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/cdev.13089


Spanish Translation

NEW YORK CITY, N.Y. (Ivanhoe Newswire) — Un padre recordará para siempre la primera palabra de su hijo, ya sea mamá, papá, gato o pelota. Y en un suspiro, frases completas salen de sus bocas. Hoy, los expertos aseguran que los papas tienen una oportunidad única para ayudar a construir el lenguaje de su hijo durante su primer año de vida.

Según los estudios, un buen dominio del lenguaje comienza a construirse prácticamente desde el primer cumpleaños. Tamis-LeMonda estudio las actividades diarias de 40 bebes de 13 meses y sus madres, enfocándose en cuanto tiempo la madre hablaba con su hijo y cuan directa y personal era su conversación con el niño. Según el estudio, en las familias donde los padres conversaban directamente con el bebe y respondían a sus reacciones, los niños pronunciaron sus primeras palabras a los 11 meses de edad. Los bebes de familias donde las conversaciones eran más parcas y menos inclusivas, no hablaron hasta casi los dos años.

Los expertos recomiendan a los padres charlar con sus hijos durante las actividades diarias. Cuando los están vistiendo, comentar sobre la ropa, y como se la van poniendo. A la hora de comer hablar sobre la comida, los tenedores, las cucharas y para qué sirven. Usando nuestras propias palabras para construir su vocabulario.

Según esta experta, con practica y a medida que los niños crecen, será más fácil para los padres lograr que sus hijos pronuncien primero palabras, luego frases y a su tiempo, historias, algo que los preparará para asistir al colegio.

Los contribuyentes a este reportaje incluyen: Cyndy McGrath, Supervisora Y Productora de Campo; Milvionne Chery, Productora; Roque Correa, Editor; Kirk Manson, Camarografo.

Producido por Child Trends News Service en asocio con Ivanhoe Broadcast News y auspiciado por una beca de la National Science Foundation.