The group psychosocial intervention is a theory-based sexual risk reduction
intervention that aims to increase safe sex practices through impacting condom
use attitudes, perceived norms of condom use, and self-efficacy. An evaluation
among criminally-involved adolescents found that it was no more effective than
an information-only intervention.
DESCRIPTION OF PROGRAM
Criminally involved adolescents
This program involves one three-hour session conducted in same-sex groups of one
to ten adolescents. Intervention leaders are the same gender as the participants
and follow a scripted intervention manual. Sessions consist of group activities,
videos, condom use demonstrations, group discussion, and goal setting.
Information is given on HIV and health services, and there is a focus on
developing normative perceptions and positive attitudes toward condoms and
EVALUATION OF PROGRAM
484 adolescents residing in three detention facilities in Denver, Colorado. The
age range was 14 to 17 years, and the average age of participants was 16 years.
The sample was 83 percent male, 37 percent white, 29 percent Hispanic, 13
percent African American, 5 percent Native American, 4 percent Asian, 2 percent
other, and 13 percent biracial.
Following adolescent assent and parent/guardian consent, adolescents were
scheduled for the next available intervention session. Each session was randomly
assigned to GPI, to GPI + GMET, or to a control information-only condition. The
control condition involved providing participants with basic information on STDs
and a question and answer session that lasted approximately two hours. For more
information on GPI + GMET, click
here. Participants were assessed on attitudes toward condom use, perceived
condom use norms, intention to practice safer sex, and self-efficacy at baseline
and immediately following the intervention and were assessed on risky sexual
behavior and sexual behavior while under the influence of alcohol at baseline
and three month follow-up.
No differences were found for attitudes toward condom use, perceived condom use
norms, intentions to practice safe sex, self-efficacy, risky sexual behavior,
and sexual behavior while under the influence of alcohol between adolescents who
received GPI and those who received the information-only intervention.
SOURCES FOR MORE INFORMATION
Schmiege, S.J., Broaddus, M.R., Levin, M., & Bryan, A.D. (2009). Randomized
trial of group interventions to reduce HIV/STD risk and change theoretical
mediators among detailed adolescents. Journal of Consulting and Clinical
Adolescents (12-17), Juvenile Offenders, High-Risk, Alcohol Use, Sexual
Activity, Condom Use and Contraception
Program information last updated on 12/27/10.