Program

Jan 31, 2011

OVERVIEW

The AIDS educational film is a school-based intervention that informed
adolescents about AIDS using a film. (An alternate format, a lecture version of
the intervention, is also summarized

here. Positive impacts of the AIDS educational film were found for AIDS
knowledge and attitudes towards AIDS patients. Although these impacts had
dissipated somewhat by one-month follow-up, they were still significantly
greater than at the pre-test. There was also a positive impact on attitudes
towards practicing preventive behaviors at post-test, but it disappeared by
one-month follow-up.

DESCRIPTION OF PROGRAM

Target population:
Adolescents

This AIDS educational film is a school-based intervention, which consists of a
18-minute film on AIDS, followed by an additional 8 minutes of information on
AIDS presented in lecture format and 15 minutes of question and answer. The
intervention aims to increase adolescents’ knowledge of AIDS, positive attitudes
toward AIDS patients, and positive attitudes toward practicing preventive
behaviors.

EVALUTION OF PROGRAM

Evaluated population:
Participants were 448 tenth grade students at two suburban public high schools
near Oklahoma City. The sample was 56 percent female, and the average age was
15.6.

Approach:
Classrooms were randomly assigned to watch the film, to hear a lecture based on
the transcript of the film, or to the control condition. Data were collected on
AIDS knowledge, attitudes toward AIDS patients, and attitudes toward practicing
preventive behaviors one week before the intervention, immediately following the
intervention, and one month after the intervention.

Results:
AIDS knowledge increased from pre-test to post-test, but then decreased between
post-test and follow-up. However, knowledge at follow-up was still significantly
higher than at pre-test. Students who watched the film had more knowledge of
AIDS at post-test and follow-up compared with students in the control group.
(However, they had less knowledge of AIDS than students who heard the lecture.)
At both post-test and follow-up students who watched the film had more positive
attitudes towards AIDS patients than students in the control group, but there
were no differences between the film and lecture groups on attitudes towards
AIDS patients. Attitudes towards practicing preventive behaviors increased
significantly from pre-test to post-test, but then decreased by follow-up to
pre-test levels, and did not differ from the control group.

SOURCES FOR MORE INFORMATION

References

Huszti, H.C., Clopton, J.R., & Mason, P.J. (1989). Acquired Immunodeficiency
Syndrome educational program: Effects on adolescents’ knowledge and attitudes.
Pediatrics, 84,986-994.

KEYWORDS:
Adolescents (12-17), High School, Males and Females (Co-ed), Suburban,
School-based, STD/HIV/AIDS

Program information last updated on 1/31/11.

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