Program

Oct 29, 2009

 

OVERVIEW

This task-oriented
team building intervention for high school students is intended to develop group
cohesion in sports. After completing two weeks of a regular exercise program,
the students were randomly assigned to a team building or a control condition.
This intervention has not been found to impact task cohesion, but attendance was
significantly higher for the intervention group than for the control group.

DESCRIPTION OF
PROGRAM

Target
Population:
High school students

Leaders for the
team building condition developed their own specific exercises for implementing
the five factors of Carron and Spink’s (1993) teambuilding model (Bruner, 2009).
Implementation occurs in sessions seven through 11 and integration occurs in
sessions 12 through 23. The first five sessions introduce the five factors of
the teambuilding model: (session 1) group distinctiveness, (session 2)
individual positions, (session 3) interaction and communication, (session 4)
group norms, and (session 5) individual sacrifices.

Bruner, M.W. &
Spink, K.S. (2007). The effects of team building on the adherence patterns of
youth exercise participants. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 29(Supplement):
S149-S149.

Evaluated
Population:
Youth in this evaluation were 13-17 years old (N=122) from 10
high schools.

Approach:
The 10 high schools were randomly assigned to either the team building or
control conditions. The authors measured attendance in the program and task
cohesion. Cohesion is not described.

Results:
Attendance declined for both the control and team building groups, but the team
building group’s attendance was significantly higher than the control group. The
difference between the team building and control group on task cohesion was not
significant.

The authors do not describe taking into account the randomization at the school
level when they analyzed the student-level data.

SOURCES FOR MORE INFORMATION

References

Bruner, M. (2009). Personal Communication: Overview of TB intervention in youth
exercise setting.

Bruner, M.W. &
Spink, K.S. (2007). The effects of team building on the adherence patterns of
youth exercise participants. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 29(Supplement):
S149-S149.

Carron, A. V., & Spink, K. S. (1993). Team building in an exercise setting. The Sport Psychologist, 7(1), 8-18.

KEYWORDS:
Adolescence (12-17), Young Adulthood (17-24), Community-Based, Youth (16+), High
School, Social Skills.

Program
information last updated 10/29/09