Program

Jul 08, 2013

OVERVIEW

The Project Ploughshares Puppets for Peace (P4) program is a school-based intervention that targets bullying behavior through a puppet show and subsequent discussion.  The program had no impacts on knowledge about bullying, but did have an impact on self-reports of being bullied.

DESCRIPTION OF PROGRAM

Target population: Elementary school children

The program consists of a single classroom session where students attend a 30-minute play using puppets in which the puppets experience direct and indirect bullying.  Students then discuss the play and the lessons about identifying bullying behavior and how to manage bullies using four steps: ignoring, saying stop, walking away, and getting help. The entire program takes about 45 minutes.

 EVALUATION(S) OF PROGRAM

Beran, T. & Shapiro, B. (2005).  Evaluation of an anti-bullying program: Student reports of knowledge and confidence to manage bullying.  Canadian Journal of Education, 28(4), 700-717.

Evaluated population: A total of 129 third and fourth graders from public city schools in Canada were evaluated.  The sample consisted of 69 boys and 60 girls in total.

Approach: Classrooms were randomly assigned to the intervention group or control group, with 66 students assigned to the intervention group and 63 students assigned to the control group.  Students in the intervention group completed the intervention during the class period and completed a questionnaire before and after the class period, which assessed knowledge about bullying and experiences with bullying.  Students in the control group did not receive any intervention but completed the questionnaire both before and after a class period.

Results: The program had no impact on knowledge about bullying, including both the definition of bullying and identifying strategies to deal with bullying. There was a significant impact on experiences with bullying, with students in the intervention group being less likely to report being bullied after the intervention than before the intervention, and no change among students in the control group.

SOURCES FOR MORE INFORMATION

For program information: http://www.ploughsharescalgary.org/projects/previous.html

References

Beran, T. & Shapiro, B. (2005).  Evaluation of an anti-bullying program: Student reports of knowledge and confidence to manage bullying.  Canadian Journal of Education, 28(4), 700-717.

KEYWORDS: Children (3-11), Males and Females, Elementary School, School-based, Bullying

Program information last updated 7/8/13.