Program

Aug 19, 2009

OVERVIEW

Marvelous Me –
Preschool Edition is designed to enhance the self-concepts of preschool
children. The children are to accomplish this through guided activities such as
singing, dancing, and participating in large group activities all centered
around six themes. It has not been found to significantly improve self-concept
of preschool children compared with a control group in samples with children who
are not at-risk. At-risk children significantly improve on self-concept in the
program compared with the control condition.

DESCRIPTION OF PROGRAM

Target
population:
Preschool children

Marvelous Me – Preschool Edition consists of 45 minute sessions, three times per
week, for four weeks. The goal of the 12 sessions is to develop the positive
self-concepts of preschool children, and do so by focusing on six themes:
feelings, self-image, getting to know myself, family, friends, and community.
Each session has a similar format with activities varying from session to
session. The activities may include art projects, songs, dances, large group
activities, books, finger plays, or puppets. Parents receive six handouts to
encourage involvement. The handouts list additional activities that parents are
encouraged to do with their children.

EVALUATIONS OF PROGRAM

Sullivan-Temple, K. and R. Ravid (1991). Marvelous Me – Preschool Edition:
Enhancing Self-Concept Development in Preschool Children. Mid-Western
Educational Research Association. Chicago, IL.

Evaluated Population: Study 1158 preschool children from
10 classrooms in one nursery school and one day care center near a large
Midwestern metro area. The children come from mostly middle class to
upper-middle class Jewish families.

Study 258 inner-city, black, at-risk preschool children (ages 3
and 4) in Chicago.

Approach: Study 1 Five control classrooms (N=55 children) and five

experimental classrooms (N=72 children) were randomly assigned. The authors do
not list the activities of the control group. The experimental group
participates in the Marvelous Me – Preschool Edition intervention.

The authors used the Purdue Self-Concept Scale for Preschool Children, the All
About Me Checklist, and a Teacher Questionnaire to measure outcomes for this
study. The Purdue Self-Concept Scale for Preschool Children is a test where
children point to a picture (one of two pictures) that best describes them. The
All About Me Evaluation Checklist is completed by parents and teachers after
program implementation. It is a 13-item list of characteristics which children
with positive self-concepts have been found to possess. The teacher
questionnaire is for teachers to fill out for feedback on the effectiveness of
the program.

Study 2 –Thirty experimental and 28 control students completed the
Purdue Self-Concept Scale for Preschool children. Parents completed the All
About Me questionnaire

Results:Study1 –The experimental group did not score
significantly higher on self-concept than the control group. In the All About Me
Checklist, parents reported a significantly greater increase in five of the 13
behaviors listed (“says ‘I can do that,'” “shares,” “shows leadership
qualities,” “speaks in large groups,” “plays with group”)than the teachers did. There were also no significant differences among
five year olds, four year olds, or three year old children in gains from the
program.

Study 2 –
The students were not significantly different at posttest, but the experimental
group had, on average, gained 8.67 points on the self-concept measure while the
control group had only gained 2.14 points. The experimental group’s gain was
significantly higher than the control group. Parents did not significantly
differ on the behavior measure (All About Me Checklist). For the teacher report,
the experimental group teacher marked “more often” (on all 13 items) for more
kids in the experimental group compared with the control group. The difference
was statistically significant for 7 out of 13 individual items.

Researchers do not
report adjusting for random assignment at the classroom level.

SOURCES FOR MORE INFORMATION

References

Sullivan-Temple, K. and R. Ravid (1991). Marvelous Me – Preschool Edition:
Enhancing Self-Concept Development in Preschool Children. Mid-Western
Educational Research Association. Chicago, IL.

Websitehttp://www.uen.org/Lessonplan/preview.cgi?LPid=411

KEYWORDS:

Early Childhood (0-5), Children (3-11), Preschool, School-Based, Parent or Family Component, Early Childhood
Education, Education, Academic Self Concept, Manual

Program
information last updated 8/19/09