Program

Oct 19, 2011

OVERVIEW

KISS is a physical activity program targeted towards elementary school children.
In addition to the mandatory physical education classes the students receive at
school, the intervention requires that students receive an additional two
physical education lessons a week, take a few short breaks throughout the day to
perform activities that enhance motor skills, and perform 10 minutes of physical
activity homework each day. Students in the intervention groups were found to
significantly increase physical activity in school, day-long levels of activity,
and aerobic fitness. The intervention had no impact on total physical activity,
physical quality of life, or psychological quality of life.

DESCRIPTION OF PROGRAM

Target population:
Elementary school children

KISS is a physical activity program targeted towards elementary school children.
In addition to the mandatory physical education classes the students received at
school, the intervention requires that students receive an additional two
physical education lessons a week, take a few short breaks throughout the day
that perform activities to enhance motor skills, and perform 10 minutes of
physical activity homework each day.

EVALUATION(S) OF PROGRAM

Kriemler, S., Zahner, L., Schindler, C., Meyer, U., Hartmann, T., Hebestreit,
H., …, Puder, J. J. (2010). Effect of school based physical activity programme
(KISS) on fitness and adiposity in primary school children: Cluster randomized
controlled trial. British Medical Journal, 340.

Evaluated population:
A total of 502 Swiss children participated in the study, 297 comprised the
intervention group and 205 comprised the control group. Children from first
grade (222 students) and fifth grade (280 students) were enrolled. The first
grade sample was 51 percent female and was an average of 7 years old. The fifth
grade sample was 51 percent female and an average of 11 years old.

Approach:
Twenty-eight (28) schools were randomized into the intervention or control
group. The intervention group consisted of 16 classes, while the control group
consisted of 12 classes. Students in the control group received the mandatory 45
minute physical education lessons three times a week. The intervention group
received these classes plus two additional lessons (45 minutes each), three to
five short activity breaks during the day to practice motor skills, and daily
physical activity homework that lasted about 10 minutes.

The intervention lasted nine months. Measurements took place before the
intervention and nine months after the intervention. Data collected included the
sum of four skinfold assessments, aerobic fitness, physical activity, quality of
life (through questionnaires), body mass index, and cardiovascular risk score.
Regressions were adjusted to account for clustering of students in schools.

Results:
Nine months after the intervention,students randomly assigned to the
intervention were found to have statistically significant smaller increases in
the sum of four skinfold assessments, significantly increased aerobic fitness,
and significantly greater physical activity in school and total moderate and
vigorous physical activity. In addition, students in the intervention group had
smaller increases or larger reduction in body mass index and cardiovascular risk
factors, including triglycerides, HDL cholesterol, and glucose. The intervention
did not increase the incidence of underweight.

The intervention did not have an impact on total physical activity, physical
activity out of school, moderate and vigorous physical activity out of school,
physical quality of life, or psychological quality of life. Students in the
intervention group also displayed no significant differences in waist
circumference and blood pressure when compared with those in the control group.

SOURCES FOR MORE INFORMATION

References

Kriemler, S., Zahner, L., Schindler, C., Meyer, U., Hartmann, T., Hebestreit,
H., Brunner-La Rocca, H. P., van Mechelen W.,  & Puder, J. J. (2010). Effect of school based physical activity programme
(KISS) on fitness and adiposity in primary school children: Cluster randomized
controlled trial. British Medical Journal, 340.

KEYWORDS:
Children (3-11), Elementary, Males and Females (co-ed), School-Based, Other
Physical Health

Program information last updated on 10/19/11.