Jan 24, 2013


The Go Grrrls intervention is a 12-session curriculum for adolescent girls designed to promote social competence through an interactive approach that focuses on mastering six developmental tasks. It aims to increase girls’ body image, self-esteem, self-efficacy, and assertiveness. An evaluation of the intervention found that it had a positive impact on body image, assertiveness, attractiveness attitudes, self-efficacy, and self-liking.


Target population: Early adolescent girls

The Go Grrls intervention is a 12-session gender-specific program that focuses on six content areas related to girls’ social competence and psychosocial development in modern society.  The content areas are: being a girl in today’s society, establishing a positive self-image, establishing independence, making and keeping friends, learning to obtain help and find access to resources, and planning for the future. The intervention involves didactic instruction, class discussion, group exercises, worksheets, group role plays, and journal assignments. The curriculum is delivered to groups of eight to ten participants and is led by two female group leaders. There are twelve weekly after-school sessions, each about one hour in length, with two sessions devoted to each task.


LeCroy, C.W. (2004). Experimental evaluation of “Go Grrrls” preventive intervention for adolescent girls. The Journal of Primary Prevention, 25, 457-473.

Evaluated population: A total of 118 seventh grade girls from a public middle school in a semi-urban city in Arizona participated. The sample was 62 percent Caucasian, 20 percent mixed race, 14 percent Hispanic, 33 percent Native American, and less than 2 percent African American. Participants averaged 13.5 years of age. Analyses are based on 113 to 116 cases. (Although the evaluation excludes one participant who dropped out of the program and one who attended fewer than 75 percent of the sessions, attrition is so minimal that the results should be valid.)

Approach: Participants were randomly assigned to the intervention (n=59) or a no-treatment control condition (n=59). Data were collected at pre-test and post-test from questionnaires on body image, assertiveness, peer self-esteem, attitude toward attractiveness, self-efficacy, self-liking, hopelessness, and help endorsements (i.e., sources they would turn to for help).

Results: Positive, albeit small, program impacts were found at post-test for body image, assertiveness, attractiveness attitudes, self-efficacy, and self-liking. There were also marginally significant impacts on hopelessness and help endorsements, but no impact on peer self-esteem.

Effect sizes ranged from small (hopelessness, help endorsements, and self-efficacy) to medium (assertiveness, body image, and self-liking) to large (attractiveness).



LeCroy, C.W. (2004). Experimental evaluation of “Go Grrrls” preventive intervention for adolescent girls. The Journal of Primary Prevention, 25, 457-473.

Contact information:

Craig Winston LeCroy, Ph.D.

School of Social Work-Tucson Component

340 N. Commerce Park Loop, Suite 250

Tucson, AZ 85745

520-884-5507 ext. 15


The curriculum guide ($35) is available for purchase at:

The curriculum workbook ($10) is available for purchase at:

KEYWORDS: Adolescents (12-17), Middle School, Female Only, Manual is Available, Cost Information is Available, After-School Program, Self-Esteem/Self-Concept, Other Social/Emotional Health

Program information last updated on 1/24/13.