This evaluation looked at the impact of parole supervision
(treatment as usual) versus release without parole supervision (treatment) on
youth in California. There were no significant impacts on the treated
individuals for number of arrests, number of convictions, time to offenses, time
to convictions, and, after controlling for number at risk in the community,
quarterly percentages arrested and quarterly percentages convicted. However, the
nature of arrests and time in custody were significantly different.
DESCRIPTION OF PROGRAM
Target Population: Youth who will be out of
detention on parole
Parole is a trial period of time that is served when an
inmate is released from their sentenced confinement early. The young person must
follow rules associated with parole. If the inmate violates parole, he or she
will suffer consequences, such as additional jail or prison time. This
intervention was designed to see how youth fare when they are discharged from
parole, such that youth who are first offenders are released without
EVALUATION OF PROGRAM
Jackson, P.C.. (1983). Some effects of parole
supervision on recidivism. British Journal of Criminology, 23(1): 17-34.
Evaluated Population: Youth (N=314) from three
parole units in the California Youth Authority were studied.
Approach: The youth were randomly assigned to
discharge from parole or parole supervision. Data were collected from criminal
records, warrants, charges not filed in court, charges filed with no
disposition, and charges filed with alternative dispositions.
Results: There were no differences in the number of
arrests, number of convictions, time to offenses, time to convictions, and,
after controlling for number at risk in the community, quarterly percentages
arrested and quarterly percentages convicted.
Compared with supervised parolees, those discharged from
parole were less likely to be charged with serious crimes and more likely to be
charged with crimes more serious than alcohol- or drug-related crimes. Those
discharged from parole had a lower mean number of months in custody than the
parolees, and during “quarter” 5 of the study, were significantly less likely to
be in custody.
SOURCES FOR MORE INFORMATION
Jackson, P.C.. (1983). Some effects of parole supervision
on recidivism. British Journal of Criminology, 23(1): 17-34.
KEYWORDS: Community-based; Adolescents (12-17);
Young Adults (18-24); Juvenile Offenders; Other Behavioral Problems;
Aggression/Violence/Bullying; Delinquency (e.g., truancy, vandalism, theft,
assault, running away); Urban; Case Management.