Program

Mar 12, 2012

OVERVIEW

The goal of this AIDS education program is to increase knowledge about AIDS and tolerance for AIDS victims. Young people are taught how to engage in healthy behaviors and protect themselves from HIV infection in order to prevent the spread of AIDS. An evaluation of this district-mandated high school AIDS education program showed significant increases in girls’ knowledge about AIDS and all participants’ tolerance towards AIDS victims. Results also showed that knowledge gain was significantly related to greater tolerance towards AIDS victims.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PROGRAM

Target Population: High school students

The AIDS education program is a district-mandated program that teaches students about AIDS in their regular science classes. Young people are taught how to engage in healthy behaviors and protect themselves from HIV infection in order to prevent the spread of AIDS. It is an intensive one week (five-day) program.

EVALUATION OF THE PROGRAM

Steitz, J.A., & Munn, J.A. (1993). Adolescents and AIDS: Knowledge and attitude. Adolescence, 28(111), 609-619.

Evaluated population: Experimental group participants were 90 ninth- and tenth-grade students in four sciences classes from two urban high schools that were designated by the district to receive the AIDS program. These participants were from predominately White, middle-to upper-middle-class communities in Tennessee. Control group participants were 41 ninth- and tenth-grade students from two randomly selected science classes.

Approach: The experimental group consisted of 90 students from two randomly selected ninth-and tenth-grade science classes from two high schools in Tennessee where the district had designated the AIDS program be implemented. The control group consisted of 41 ninth- and tenth-grade students from two randomly selected science classrooms not receiving the AIDS instruction until after the study. All students took pre- and posttest questionnaires assessing student knowledge and attitudes about AIDS in addition to previous exposure to AIDS education. The experimental group attended a five-day AIDS education program while the control group received their normal lessons.

Results: The AIDS education program did not significantly increase students’ knowledge about AIDS. However, there was a significant treatment interaction. Girls significantly increased in knowledge as a result of the program, while boys’ knowledge was not influenced. The experimental group became significantly more tolerant of AIDS victims as a result of the program. Knowledge gain also was significantly related to greater tolerance towards AIDS victims among boys. However, at baseline, girls did have a significantly more tolerant attitude towards AIDS victims at baseline compared to boys.

SOURCES FOR MORE INFORMATION

References:

Steitz, J.A., & Munn, J.A. (1993). Adolescents and AIDS: Knowledge and attitude. Adolescence, 28(111), 609-619.

KEYWORDS: Adolescents (12-17), High School, Urban, School-Based, STD/HIV/AIDS, White/Caucasian

Program information last updated on 3/26/12.

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