Among sexually active students (those who reported they had sex in the three months preceding the survey), those who selected “Birth control pills” in response to the question: “The last time you had sexual intercourse, what one method did you or your partner use to prevent pregnancy? (Select only one response.)” Note that students may also use other methods of contraception or protection, such as condoms, whether or not they use birth control pills. In 2017, 9 percent of both male and female high school students reported using both a condom and a hormonal form of birth control at last sexual intercourse.2
Some states are not included in the national estimates because they did not participate in the YRBS. Minnesota, Oregon, and Washington have never participated in the YRBS. Other states have participated in the YRBS, but not every year. Information on which states did not participate in the YRBS each year is available at https://www.cdc.gov/healthyyouth/data/yrbs/pdf/2017/2017_hs_participation_history.pdf.
Child Trends. (2018). Birth control pill use. Retrieved from https://www.childtrends.org/indicators/birth-control-pill-use.
1. Hispanic students may be of any race. Estimates for white and black students in this report do not include Hispanic students.
2. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2018). Youth risk behavior surveillance – United States, 2017 [Table 151]. MMWR Surveillance Summaries, 65(6). Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/healthyyouth/data/yrbs/pdf/2017/ss6708.pdf.