Apr 17, 2009


Nuestras Familias: Anando Entre Culturas (Our
Families: Moving Between Cultures
) is an adaption of Parent Management
training. The intervention is designed to impact parenting practices of
monolingual Spanish-speaking parents with middle-aged school youth at risk for
problem behaviors. In a randomized experimental trial of the intervention’s
efficacy and effect,
participants assigned to the intervention
condition were found to improve in the areas of parenting practices (i.e.,
general parenting, skill encouragement, overall effective parenting) and youth
outcomes (i.e., aggression, externalizing, and likelihood of smoking).


Target population:
monolingual Spanish-speaking immigrant parents

Nuestras Familias:
Anando Entre Culturas (Our Families: Moving Between Cultures) is a
version of Parent Management Training, specifically targeting parent empowerment
and parental efficacy of monolingual Spanish-speaking immigrant parents. It is a
clinical and prevention intervention aimed at decreasing the likelihood of youth
substance use and related negative outcomes, and promoting healthy adjustment.
The intervention was delivered by entrenadores (coaches) entirely in Spanish
over a 12-week span, and included between 12 and 15 parents per session. Each
week parents received new information about the session topic, along with the
assigned home practice exercises for the week. During the week following the
session, coaches contacted each parent by phone to review past session material,
check on progress with home assignments, offer support, and answer questions.


Martinez, C. R.
Jr., and Eddy, M. (2005). Effects of culturally adapted parent management
training on Latino youth behavioral outcomes. Journal of Consulting and
Clinical Psychology
, 73(4), 841-851.

Evaluated population:
Seventy-three mothers, fathers, and
middle-school youth participated in the study, half of whom were randomly
assigned to the intervention condition and the other half to the control
condition. Eighty-two percent of participating families were from
two-biological-parent families, and 18% were from families that included a
biological mother and a step-father. Overall, 56% of the participating youth
were boys, and 44% were girls. The youth who were foreign-born had lived in the
United States an average of 6.56 years. Mother’s average age was 36.4 years, and
father’s average age was 39.3 years old. All were of Latino descent, with 90%
tracing their origin to Mexico and the remaining tracing their origin to Peru
and Central America.

Approach: Over
a period of 12 weeks, the intervention was delivered as an efficacy trial at the
Oregon Social Learning Center (OSLC). The 36 families randomly assigned to the
control condition received no project-related intervention services during the
course of the study. The remaining 37 families, assigned to intervention
condition participated in weekly group sessions, along with multiple assessments
of parental involvement, parental monitoring, parental engagement in homework,
skill encouragement, appropriate discipline practices, parenting practices,
youth adjustments, aggression and externalizing behavior, academic success,
youth depression, and likelihood of substance use.

Based on
interviews, participants were assessed on measures of positive parental
involvement, monitoring, homework engagement, skill encouragement, appropriate
discipline, and general parenting. Youth and parents were also assessed on
aggression, externalizing behavior, academic success, depression, and likelihood
of tobacco, alcohol, or substance use.

Results: On
measures of general parenting practices, skill
encouragement, and overall effective parenting, the treatment and control groups
were statistically different. Participants assigned to the intervention
condition evidenced greater improvements on these measures than those assigned
to the control condition. Similarly, a statistical difference between the
intervention and control participants was found for youth aggression,
externalizing problems, likelihood of tobacco use, and depression.
Participation in the intervention condition was associated with greater
improvements on these measures.

There were no
significant differences between groups on positive parent involvement,
monitoring, homework engagement, and appropriate discipline. Among youth, there
were no significant differences between groups on academic success or likelihood
of alcohol use. Likelihood of substance use was marginally significant. None of
the effect sizes measured were higher than 0.16.



Martinez, C. R.
Jr., and Eddy, M. (2005). Effects of culturally adapted parent management
training on Latino youth behavioral outcomes. Journal of Consulting and
Clinical Psychology
, 73(4), 841-851.


Culturally Sensitive, Parenting, Hispanic or Latino, Behavioral problems, Home
Visitation, Parent or Family Component, Social and Emotional Health and
Development, Physical Health, Mental Health, At-Risk, Middle School,
School-Based, Adolescence (12-17), Monolingual, Spanish Speaking, Substance Use.

information last updated 4/17/2009.

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