Juveniles in residential placement are defined as those under age 18 who were assigned a bed in a juvenile residential custody facility in the United States as of the last Wednesday in October in a given year.
Rates are computed per 100,000 juveniles ages 10 through the upper age of each state’s juvenile court jurisdiction. The number of children younger than age 10 in residential placement is not large enough to warrant the inclusion of younger age groups in the denominator of rate calculations. States’ upper age limits of original juvenile court jurisdiction up through 2016 are available at https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/structure_process/qa04101.asp.
Data do not include those juveniles in adult facilities or those juveniles held exclusively in drug treatment or mental health facilities.
 U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. (2017). OJJDP statistical briefing book. Retrieved from http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/crime/JAR_Display.asp?ID=qa05230
 McCormack, A, Janus, M., & Burgess, A (1986). Runaway youths and sexual victimization: Gender differences in an adolescent runaway population. Child Abuse and Neglect, 10, 387-395.
Rhodes, J. E., & Fischer, K (1993). Spanning the gender gap: Gender differences in delinquency among inner-city adolescents. Adolescence, 28, 879-889
Silbert, M., & Pines, M. (1981). Sexual child abuse as an antecedent to prostitution. Child Abuse and Neglect, 5, 407-411.
 Hoyt, S., & Scherer, D. G. (1998). Female juvenile delinquency: Misunderstood by the juvenile justice system, neglected by social science. Law and Human Behavior, 22(1), 81-107.
 More-specific definitions of incorrigibility vary by state. For more information see: U.S. Department of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. (n.d.). Deinstitutionalization of status offenders promising practices nomination form. Retrieved from http://www.ojjdp.gov/programs/DSOpromisingpractices2009.pdf
 The violent crime index includes criminal homicide, violent sexual assault, robbery, and aggravated assault.
 The property crime index includes burglary, theft, auto theft, and arson.