Indicator List for Education

Small child with backpack

Child Trends’ education research focuses on how children and youth can flourish in school. We examine supportive characteristics of the individual, the school, and the family to improve student outcomes and prevent drop out. Areas of research expertise include: non-academic competencies; college and workplace readiness; school climate; family strengths and involvement in education; character education; social and emotional learning; dropout prevention and recovery; charter schools and other school choice initiatives; place-based initiatives to improve educational outcomes; afterschool and summer learning; and educator effectiveness. We also offer technical assistance, including assistance with survey and measure development, synthesizing research, data analysis, policy analysis, program evaluation, reviews of best practices and initiatives to identify what works and what doesn’t.

Indicator List for Education


Children Who Repeated a Grade

In 2007, among children in grades one through three, those with a parent who did not complete high school were more than seven times more likely to have repeated a grade than were children with a parent who had a bachelor’s degree or higher.


Children with Limitations

According to report by a parent or other household respondent, nearly one in five children ages five to 17 (18 percent) had one or more limitations in 2011.  These may include limitations in normal physical activities due to health conditions and impairments, difficulty seeing, difficulty hearing, diagnosed learning disabilities, or difficulty bathing or showering without assistance.


Early School Readiness

U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, National Household Education Survey (NHES), “School Readiness Parent Interview,” 1993, “Parent Interview,” 1999, and “School Readiness Survey,” 2007.


Educational Attainment

Among 25- to 29-year olds, the proportion who have attained a high school education, some college, or a bachelor’s degree are all rising, according to long-term trends. Despite progress, in 2012, only a third of this population had a bachelor’s degree or higher.


Head Start

While enrollment in Head Start increased slightly between the 2006-07 and the 2010-11 program years, this growth has not kept up with increases in child poverty, and the latest data show a decline in enrollment .


Individualized Education Plans

Male students with special needs are more than twice as likely as females to receive special services through an Individualized Education Plan (IEP).  In 2007, 42 percent of boys with special needs in kindergarten through third grade had an IEP, compared with seventeen percent of girls with special needs in the same grades.