Indicator List for Infants & Young Children

Small Child

The earliest years for children are ones of rapid growth, and create the foundations of social, emotional, language, and cognitive development.

Indicator List for Infants & Young Children

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ADHD

In 2010, more than one out of every ten males ages three to 17 (11 percent) had been diagnosed with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder by a doctor or other health professional, according to parental report. 

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Adopted Children

Overall, adopted children in the U.S. fare about as well as children in the general population.  However, many adopted children bring to their new families a history of adverse early experiences that may make them more vulnerable to developmental risks.

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Asthma

In the United States, asthma is more common among boys than it is among girls. In 2011, ten percent of males under age 18 were reported to have asthma, compared with nine percent of females.

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Attitudes Toward Spanking

In 2012, according to a nationally representative survey, 77 percent of men, and 65 percent of women 18 to 65 years old agreed that a child sometimes needs a “good hard spanking.” This proportion has declined modestly since 1986 among women, while approval among males, after declining into the early 1990s, remained steady since then.

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Autism Spectrum Disorders

The prevalence of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) had risen markedly in recent years.  However, it is too soon to know whether these data indicate a true increase in the numbers of children with this condition, or a growing recognition of the diagnosis by parents and health professionals.

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Breastfeeding

There has been substantial progress in recent years in getting mothers to breastfeed their infants, and the latest available national data met Healthy People 2010 goals. 

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Child Care

Among children ages 0-4 whose mothers were employed, 24 percent were primarily cared for by a parent during the hours their mother was working in 2011.

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Child Maltreatment

The rate of substantiated child maltreatment, as of 2011, has shown modest declines in the past five years, and is now at a level lower than at any time since 1990. The rates of physical and sexual abuse have declined the most, and rates of neglect have declined the least.